The catalog design method is a simple procedure for selecting an initial pavement structure.
Figure 30: Exposed aggregate surface on Austrian concrete pavement.
Figure 18: Concrete pavement design alternatives in German catalog for motorway traffic (construction class SV, 32 million axle loads over 30 years) and 35 in (90 cm) total depth (1.54 cm).
Robert Rasmussen, The Transtec Group, Inc.This effort should lead to improvements in the durability and mechanical properties of concrete.Executive Summary: Evaluation of Expenditures on Rural Interstate Pavements in Kansas, February 2002, Kansas University Transportation Center.The design features and thicknesses in the countries' catalogs reflect their long-term experience with their materials, climate, and traffic levels.Framework for Evaluating Use of Recycled Materials in the Highway Environment, October 2001, Federal Highway Administration, fhwa-RD-00-140.European (EN) or national standards continue to be used for these materials.DOT Federal Highway Administration (fhwa fhwa-HRT-05-048 Preliminary Evaluation and Analysis of ltpp Faulting Data, Final Report - Part A, September 2000, Federal Highway Administration, fhwa-RD-00-076 Preliminary Evaluation and Analysis of ltpp Faulting Data, Final Report - Part B, September 2000, Federal Highway Administration, fhwa-RD-00-076 Report.In the United States, the design of concrete pavement traditionally has been done on a project-by-project basis.Exposed aggregate is also touted as yielding other benefits, including good friction and durability.(of this report Unclassified Security Classify.Maximum concrete slab thicknesses are a common feature of the German and Austrian design catalogs.Safety Safety Applications of Intelligent Transportation Systems in Europe and Japan (2006) Traffic Incident Response Practices in Europe (2006) Underground Transportation Systems in Europe: Safety, Operations, and Emergency Response (2006) Roadway renewable energy pdf books Human Factors and Behavioral Safety in Europe (2005) Traffic Safety Information Systems in Europe.Pavement testing: The countries visited do not perform quality control testing for noise, and no one method is used consistently from country to country to measure noise.Figure 12: Belgium's first concrete pavement, built in 1925, remained in service for 78 years.
Figure 29: Dowel and tie bar inserters on back of front paver for two-lift paving in Austria.
The careful consideration of cementitious materials used in the mix is one area that could yield benefits for the United States.